APPENDIX: GLOSSARY OF TERMS

 

 

NAMES AND DESCRIPTIONS OF SATAN IN THE SCRIPTURES:

Abaddon

 

Apollyon

Hebrew: place of destruction, destruction, destroying angel

 

Greek: the destroyer

Beelzebub

The prince of demons

 

 

Liar, The father of lies 

 

 

Murderer

 

 

 

Satan

 

Hebrew: sawtawn [satan]. = opponent, adversary, accuser

That ancient serpent

 

 

 

The angel of the Abyss

 

 

 

The devil

 

Greek: diabolos - the accuser, slanderer

 

The dragon

 

 

 

The evil one

 

 

 

The god of this world

 

'World' [kosmos] does not refer to the physical earth, but to the world system,  the ideologies and the inhabitants of this world

The prince of the power of the air

 

 

 

The prince of this world

 

The tempter

 

Matthew 4:3 in Greek and KJV

 

 

NAMES AND DESCRIPTIONS OF DEMONS OR SPIRITS IN THE SCRIPTURES:

Demons/devils

 

Greek: daimonion

 

Devils

 

 

Evil spirits

 

Only in Luke and Acts; only six times. Ponera = evil, wicked

 

Principalities and powers, rulers

 

 

Satan's angels

 

Unclean devil/s

 

Only once.

 

Unclean spirits

 

Akatharos = unclean, impure, foul. [About 20 times; confined to Matthew, Mark, Luke, Acts and Revelation.]

 

 

OTHER USES OF THE WORD 'SPIRIT'

Rom 11:8

 

'The others were hardened, as it is written: "God gave them a spirit of stupor, eyes so that they could not see and ears so that they could not hear, to this very day." '

 

These are the only occurrences of the word 'spirit' in association with some moral quality or some sinful quality.

 

 

While it is legitimate to generally see Satan behind all the negative qualities and the Holy Spirit as the source of all the positive qualities, it is not legitimate to understand the use of the word 'spirit' in these passages noting negative qualities to refer to an individual evil spirit that is in the believer causing the believer to sin in these specific ways. To do so would necessitate belief in a range of good spirits to be indwelling believers generating the given good qualities.

 

To go further and attribute any or all sins to indwelling evil spirits causing the sins has no validation anywhere in Scripture.

  

The specific attributes of  'spirit' in these passages simply refer to the nature and quality of the human spirit of the people in question, on the one hand of those who belong to Satan, and on the other hand, of those who belong to Jesus.

 

 

 

 

 

1 Cor 4:21

'Shall I come to you with a whip, or in love and with a gentle spirit [KJV: 'a spirit of meekness']?'

2 Cor 4:13

'With the same spirit of faith we also believe and therefore speak'

Gal 6:1

'restore him gently [KJV and Greek: in a spirit of meekness]'

2 Tim 1:7

 

'For God did not give us a spirit of timidity, but a spirit of power, of love and of self-discipline.'

1 Pet 3:4

'the unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit'

1 John 4:6

 

'recognize the spirit of falsehood'

 

In the context this is external to us, contrasted to the Spirit of truth, and descriptive of false teaching/teachers.